Hong Kong history
The area has been inhabited some 5000 years. When excavations are objects from the Neolithic found, indicating the influence of the northern Chinese Stone Age culture (Longshan). Later the area was populated by Han Chinese during the Song dynasty between 970 and 1279 came from North China. Hong Kong however, the Chinese government took a long time a rather modest place.
The British East India Company (British East India Company) in 1699 made the first contact in China, and trade between the two countries emerged. In 1821, Hong Kong, the port where the British introduced opium from Bengal. The diplomatic contacts between Britain and China went smoothly. After the first Opium War in 1842 the Chinese empire was forced to transfer Hong Kong to the British East India Company. Then lived no more than 7000 people. Hong Kong, then long been a British Crown Colony. The New Territories were later bijgepacht in 1898, for a period of 99 years, who also made Crown Colony. The People’s Republic of China gave the successor to then not to renew the lease. In 1997, the New Territories so fall back to China, that the remainder would lose its economic vitality.
After 1945 the population grew significantly in Hong Kong by refugees from China. Economic got the crown colony of the wind through the convenient proximity to China and Southeast Asia, especially Japan.
Return to China
Only on December 19, 1984 a treaty was concluded between the United Kingdom and China, which provided for the return of Hong Kong to China province. The last director of the colony, Chris Patten, introduced a degree of democratization. As of 1 July 1997 the UK contributed to Hong Kong to China. Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region here, which for fifty years the same laws apply as in Communist China. This is the idea of “one country, two Systems”.
Under the treaty the British retained Hong Kong Legislative Council, popularly referred to LegCo. This Council comprises 60 members, 30 elected and 30 appointed from civil society. This formula, already used by the British Governor, gives China the ability to check Council. LegCo seat in the building of the colonial Supreme Court.
On transfer, the shipping magnate Tung Chee-Hwa to chief executive, head of the board of the city is chosen. This is done by a college of 800 members, which makes a recommendation to the Chinese government. Tung himself was quite the treaty with Britain, but refused further democratization. After demonstrations in 2003 he led an anti-subversion law in what led to new demonstrations. He questioned the law, but in 2004 repeated the unrest. Tung lost the confidence of Beijing and he had to resign in March 2005. In June 2005, his successor Donald Tsang installed.